#PoPMM Blog

Why the Music Modernization Act is Important for the Music Industry 

While it's often referred to as singular, the music industry has a history of being fragmented. The divisions begin with the matter of two copyrights for every recording and the fact that different laws govern the use of those copyrights, which results in drastically different revenue streams being generated for seemingly similar uses. 

This dissimilitude in revenues and protections sometimes sets up an antagonistic situation between the recording side (artists, labels, producers, musicians, singers) and the publishing side (publishers and songwriters). Additionally, there are the performing rights organizations whose perspective sometimes differs from the publishers' and songwriters'. On top of that, neither the recording nor the publishing side is monolithic. Tensions can, and often do, arise within either one.  

We tend to not refer to the tech companies as part of the music ecosystem, but they are. Technological disruption was the main reason for the recording industry's precipitous decline; and technology, combined with more ethical and equitable business models, are essential to its recovery. It's the relationship between tech and the publishing and songwriting community that undergirds the Music Modernization Act (MMA). The so far precarious and litigative relationship between the songwriters/publishers and the tech companies has to end if we are to fully realize the growth potential of a global streaming economy. The MMA offers some resolution. 

Legislation is rarely a perfect fit for all affected parties. The MMA is no exception, but with the CLASSICS and AMP acts and the proposed "willing buyer, willing seller" language, it will end the publisher/writer lawsuits, ensure legacy artists and producers are paid and permit a market standard for CRB (Copyright Royalty Board) negotiations. 

Some significant issues are not resolved by the MMA -- most notably the fact that terrestrial radio pays nothing for the use of recorded music. This is an egregious wrong that could easily be righted if it were not for the 98 years of obnoxious obstruction by the radio industry and the National Association of Broadcasters. 

During the launch of the MMA, the entire music industry reaffirmed its support for the creation of an AM/FM terrestrial performance right that would provide fair compensation for sound recordings and for the establishment of a market-based rate standard for artists from satellite radio. We've made some progress with terrestrial radio, but it is clear to everyone that very soon it will be time to finally resolve the performance rights issue. But that is for another discussion.  

There are aspects of the MMA we could bicker over. For example, independent publishers and labels are not represented and songwriters feel underrepresented. There is the issue of black box monies and how they are divided. There is also the lack of platform parity provisions -- SiriusXM's sweetheart deal compared to other streaming services and other anomalous rates. 

Certainly, much work remains before the recorded-music industry can be considered equitable for all. Nevertheless, the MMA is consequential because all sides of the recorded music industry along with the tech companies are working together, setting aside longstanding differences to produce a positive incremental result. I hope that this is the first in an iterative series of joint efforts to build a fairer and better business for all. We are better together than we are apart. 

CEO for the American Association of Independent Music (A2IM), Richard James Burgess Ph.D. has produced, recorded and performed on many gold, platinum and multi-platinum albums. He was previously head of business at Smithsonian Folkways Recordings where he produced Jazz: The Smithsonian Anthology, chronicling nearly one hundred years of recorded jazz. His career path includes: studio musician, recording artist, producer, manager, label owner and author. His current books are, The Art of Music Production: The Theory and Practice, 4th Edition; and The History of Music Production (Oxford University Press).

 

Source: Billboard

THE PОWЕR ОF MUЅIС: HOW MUЅIС AFFЕСTЅ US EMОTIОNАLLY АND STIMULATES OUR HEALTH 

Muѕiс is a powerful tool in mаnу wауѕ. It is аmоng the few асtivitiеѕ in whiсh thе uѕе оf thе whоlе brаin iѕ invоlvеd. Bеѕidеѕ, it is еѕѕеntiаl in all сulturеѕ аnd can hаvе аѕtоunding bеnеfitѕ fоr lеаrning lаnguаgе, bооѕting mеmоrу аnd соnсеntrаtiоn, and also for рhуѕiсаl сооrdinаtiоn and dеvеlорmеnt. 

Thе hеаlth оf the physical body is intricately tiеd tо our еmоtiоnаl, mental аnd spiritual hеаlth. Thiѕ mаkеѕ muѕiс a powerful саtаlуѕt fоr hеаling ѕinсе it touches our ѕоulѕ - the vеrу соrе of humanity. Mоѕtlу, exposure tо various kindѕ оf music has benefits. Hоwеvеr, vеrу loud оr jаrring muѕiс, or muѕiс thаt intеrfеrеѕ with оur concentration оn something wе аrе trуing to do саn be diѕtrасting. 

Rеmеdу for the Bluеѕ 

A large numbеr of people claim thаt their spirits аrе lifted as thеу listen tо muѕiс. In every culture, lеgеnd has it thаt music iѕ thе "ѕоul mеdiсаtiоn". The рѕусhоthеrареutiс bеnеfitѕ of music аrе асtuаllу соnfirmеd by modern ѕtudу. Bright and jоllу muѕiс such аѕ Mоzаrt, Vivаldi, Sаlѕа, bluegrass, Klеzmеr аnd rеggае is the mоѕt evident prescription for the bluеѕ. 

If уоu hаvе bееn keen еnоugh on hоw you react tо a vаriеtу оf music, dеfinitеlу уоu mау have nоtеd that ѕоmе music seems to energize уоu, whilе аnоthеr саn саuѕе you tо ѕhеd tеаrѕ or evoke a ѕресiаl mеmоrу of a timе, certain рlасе оr a реrѕоn. There iѕ ѕоmе muѕiс thаt ѕееmѕ tо mаkе you rеlаx, lеѕѕ tеnѕе, and fееl jоlliеr 

Muѕiс рrоvidеѕ uѕ with relief frоm ѕtrеѕѕ in various wауѕ. It is hеlрful when it comes tо ореning up оurѕеlvеѕ еmоtiоnаllу аnd rеlеаѕing nеgаtivе feelings. If one ореnѕ thе door tо it, music viа оur mind and emotion can be vеrу bеnеfiсiаl tо our hеаlth. Experts say thаt certain types оf muѕiс in fact lоwеr blood рrеѕѕurе and hеаrt rаtе аnd nоrmаlizе brеаthing. Fоr реорlе with hypertension and соnditiоnѕ аѕѕосiаtеd with it, muѕiс mау рrоbаblу bе mоrе роwеrful аnd safer than some treatment drugs! 

Muѕiс Boosts Immunitу 

Music can еѕѕеntiаllу bооѕt thе immune funсtiоn. Thе explanation оffеrеd bу ѕсiеntiѕtѕ iѕ that it is роѕѕiblе fоr a сеrtаin gеnrе оf music tо сrеаtе a positive аnd deep еmоtiоnаl еxреriеnсе. Thiѕ tеndѕ tо trigger thе ѕесrеtiоn of immune-boosting hоrmоnеѕ. Thus, it соntributеѕ to the dесrеаѕе in сеrtаin factors thаt are rеѕроnѕiblе for аilmеntѕ. Also, thе lеvеlѕ оf соrtiѕоl, a ѕtrеѕѕ-rеlаtеd hоrmоnе are ѕаid to drop whеn a реrѕоn еithеr liѕtеnѕ to music оr sings. There iѕ a роtеntiаl decrease in immune rеѕроnѕе whеn levels оf соrtiѕоl riѕе.

Negative muѕiс can bе harmful! 

Muѕiс that iѕ filled with negative еmоtiоnѕ ѕuсh as hate or fеаr can be emotionally аnd physically harmful. What it dоеѕ is tо inѕрirе more fear and triggеr imbаlаnсе аnd diѕеаѕе. Alѕо, just thе same wау a jасkhаmmеr hurtѕ оur ears with thе vibrаtiоnѕ it sets uр, muѕiс with either inhаrmоniоuѕ frеԛuеnсiеѕ оr hаtеful lуriсѕ tends tо ѕеt up jarring vibrаtiоnѕ in our bodies аnd souls. Thus, wе ѕhоuld bеwаrе оf thе nеgаtivе impact оf noisy sounds аnd nеgаtivе muѕiс, countering thеm with positive music created out of lоvе.

Recreational Music Program Strikes A Positive Chord at Behavioral Hospital 

Behavioral hospitals in Longview are alive with the sound of music. 

Incorporating music into treatment for people with depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other forms of mental illness and addictions helps to calm them and brings smile to their faces, staff at Magnolia Behavioral Hospital of East Texas in Longview said. 

Some of the patients at the 76-bed hospital sing along, try playing the guitar and write about the experience in their diaries, the staff said. 

Magnolia, formerly known as Behavioral Hospital of Longview, launched the twice-weekly recreational music program March 8. Admissions specialist Kelby Youngblood, who received training as a mental health technician, leads the hour-long sessions by strumming acoustic or electric guitars. 

Youngblood brings his own guitars, and 10 guitars donated to Magnolia are available for patients to use during the sessions or under the supervision of a staffer, said Natalie Carver, director of business development. 

“He can teach them how to play,” Carver said. “A lot of our patients already know how to play.” 

Carver said she came up with the idea for the music program because she loves music and knows other hospitals have used music for therapy. Magnolia CEO Allyson Debruycker approved the program and clinical director Neli Medina, a licensed clinical social worker, oversees it, Carver said. 

Like Magnolia, the 24-bed Oceans Behavioral Hospital in Longview offers a recreational music program for its patients, Community Liaison Director Kerry Driskell said. Oceans has provided it since the hospital opened more than seven years ago, offering it as often as five days a week, both one on one with individual patients and for a group. 

“Sometimes it is recorded music,” Driskell said. A choir appeared on another occasion. 

Driskell said patients become less agitated, adding, “The music transports them to a happier place in their mind.” 

Neither Oceans on Magnolia refer to their programs as music therapy, an allied health profession. 

Music therapists require a four-year college degree with 1,200 hours in clinical training and must obtain an exam-based credential, said Jane Creagan, director of professional programs for the American Music Therapy Association in Silver Spring, Maryland. The association has about 4,000 members, including about 200 board-certified music therapists in Texas. 

“They are not doing music therapy in the clinical sense,” Creagan said, referring to Magnolia and Oceans. “What they are doing, I’m sure, has therapeutic benefits.” 

She continued, “Patients can still benefit from the music that is provided.” 

Magnolia eventually will hire a music therapist after it fills more beds, Debruycker said. Magnolia houses 10 to 15 patients a day who stay an average of seven to 10 days. 

But for now, Magnolia is relying on the musical skills of Youngblood, who has played guitar for about five years and is in the band We Divide. He said he plays whatever the patients request. 

The music program was made possible by the donation of 10 guitars, four amplifiers and other accessories from Ken Chinn, Carver said. 

Chinn, a Longview financial consultant, said Magnolia staff contacted him about donating guitars, which he buys wholesale. 

He said he founded the Chinn Guitar Project about five years ago after his daughter, Tara, was treated for epilepsy in Children’s Medical Center in Dallas. He recalled bringing a guitar to the hospital because Tara was bored and enjoyed playing the instrument. 

He said a nurse saw the guitar and asked whether he wanted a music therapist to visit his daughter. The therapist showed up, and said he was “blown away” by seeing the musical therapist interact with Tara. 

Referring to the expression on Tara’s face, Chinn added, “She was happy and joyful.” 

Chinn said he offered to donate 10 guitars after learning the hospital needed them for music therapy. 

He said the charity has donated 2,100 guitars throughout the United States since then, since them, and mostly to children’s hospitals. 

Referring to Magnolia, Chinn said, “It is going to be a real blessing to them.” 

The guitars have struck a positive chord with the staff and patients at Magnolia. 

The presence of guitars gives a new focus and hobby to patients with addictions, Debruycker said, adding patients look forward to the sessions. 

“They’d like us to do it every day,” she said. 

Magnolia staff declined requests from the News-Journal to interview and take photos of the patients, citing the confidentiality provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996.

 

Source: Longview News Journal

Music A Fabric of the Maritimes 

Earlier in my career I taught fitness classes on a regular basis. I remember loving getting new music to play and seeing how excited participants would get as well. You could feel the energy go up, see smiles on faces and people truly enjoying the experience. Then I found a study that showed when people added music to their workouts that energy expenditure went up by 10 per cent. These days I can’t even go out for a run anymore if I forgot my headset. Music is what gets me going and keeps me going. I have created whole playlists to get me through different types of days. Long run playlists, hard runs playlists and then some heavy metal for lifting weights. 

Music has been around since the dawn of ages and has played a role in nearly every society during every period of history. We have a special connection to music. I know one of my only regrets in life is not being able to play an instrument. I always get a little jealous when at a social function and someone can just pick up the guitar or jump on the piano. That happens a great deal here on the East Coast. You can see the joy it brings to people. 

When I discuss the concept of total health it is more than just sleep, eat right and exercise. People who live a fulfilled life have a passion outside of work and, I believe, outside of family. 

A passion is defined as a strong inclination toward an activity that you find important, and that you enjoy and invest both time and energy into. Research has shown that developing passion toward activities contributes to emotional and personal growth. Passion can also positively impact overall well-being and provide a sense of meaning in life. Engaging in one’s passion can be an excellent way to overcome worry and anxiety. A study from 2010 found breast cancer survivors had reduced worry, as well as stronger control of the psychological and emotional impact of cancer in their daily lives when sustaining their passion. 

A passion gives you a reason to stay engaged with life, to keep learning, to work toward mastery of something. It gives you something in common with other people and can help build a positive social network. It can give more meaning to your free time and structure. It can be solace in times of physical and emotional pain. 

So why not music? It is part of the fabric here in the Maritimes. You cannot walk downtown in any city on the weekend without hearing violins, guitars or people belting out tunes. One of my favorite things to do on vacation is to go to a concert. When in a new town I always Google who is playing in town. My last trip I saw both ZZ Top and The Cult. Amazing. 

Your passion can be listening and appreciating music. Researching the history, learning about music or just becoming a fan and student all can be rewarding. Some people collect vinyl at Taz Records here in Halifax. I have strolled through the record shop many times. You can read biographies on your favorite bands or artists. If you want a fun night in Halifax, watch for one of Bruce Guthro’s songwriters’ circles. You learn the process and background of some of the best songwriters from here in the Maritimes. 

The other option is to do like many of my friends these days and take some lessons. I don’t even think I could name all my friends who have taken up the guitar in the past 10 years. I have even been saying I am going to take singing lessons. I have a colleague who tells me he can tell me in three minutes if he can teach me or not. I think I am going to take him up on it this week. I want to be one of those people at the party who can belt out a tune when the guitars come out. 

We live in an area where music can easily be a passion, but you need to foster it. It could be booking one night a week to hit the local scene and see a new band, join guitar lessons, or take the time to read the story of one of your favorite artists from right here in the Maritimes. 

The key is to put it in your schedule and make it part of your life on a regular basis. I rarely see someone who makes music part of their life who feels less fulfilled. Get out there, fill up and enjoy the great music scene in your community.

 

Source: The Chronicle Herald

Music Therapy and The Power of Song 

Music therapy is not a music lesson. In fact, you don't even have to be musically inclined to reap the benefits from the practice. 

Board-certified music therapist Emily Wadhams uses music as a tool to help her clients achieve non-musical goals. Her clients have a wide range of goals and conditions. She serves everyone from autistic children to seniors in hospice care.

"A physical therapist will use balls and bars. I use music," said Wadhams. 

Wadhams adjusts her sessions according to client needs. Sometimes, she will use music as a tool to stir memories and positive emotions for elderly people. Other times she will utilize back-and-forth drumming exercises to work on social skills with younger clients. 

"Music is one of the few things in our world that stimulates the entire brain," said Wadhams.

Source: KETV

Can Music Stimulate Healing? 

Music is very powerful and has the ability to impact and connect with people's emotions. Why so? According to the senior advisor on policy and research at the American Music Therapy Association, music is ingrained in our bodies and brains. 


Our exposure and connection to music and sound start early, while we are still in the womb. According to Elena Mannes, author of the Power of Music, our auditory senses develop while we are still in the womb. More specifically, these senses start to develop between seventeen and nineteen weeks. 


The baby's auditory senses will be more developed between twenty- nine to thirty –three weeks. At this time, the baby will be able to not only ear but respond to high- pitched sounds. High pitched sounds often include the parent's voices, as well as music. Please note, that the baby's vision is the last sense to develop. 


As Shelia Woodward's revolutionary research confirms, we start learning about music even before we are born. Hence, our strong emotional connection to music, and every single element of music. 


For the purposes of this article, we shall be looking at how powerful music is. In other words, the impact of music and how it benefits us beyond our emotional well- being. Let us take a look. 

Helps Alleviate Depression


Numerous research confirms that music has the ability to prevent and treat depression. Music stimulates the brain to produce a happy hormone commonly referred to as dopamine. Dopamine has the ability to impact how we experience pleasure. 


Moreover, it has the ability to enhance our mood considerably. 


Helps Reduce Stress 

According to CBS News, over 8 million American citizens suffer from chronic stress. Federal Health Data also found that the numbers seem to be increasing with each passing year. Given the fact that our world has become very demanding of our time and effort, this does not come as a surprise. 


Whenever our stress levels are heightened, a hormone known as cortisol is released. This hormone can also impact our appetite and lead to weight gin. However, recent research confirms that music has the ability to lower cortisol levels. 


Music also helps increase the production and release of the serotonin hormone. This hormone has the effect and functions of dopamine. It regulates mood. 


Pain and Anxiety Alleviation 

Yes, music can help reduce pain and anxiety levels as well. Studies suggest that individuals that suffer from anxiety and fibromyalgia exhibit low endorphin levels. 
Endorphins are chemicals that are similar to the dopamine and serotonin chemicals. So much so that these chemicals also have an effect on our mood. Many scientists and doctors suggest that endorphins have the same effect as opioids do. Hence, the ability to alleviate pain and anxiety levels. 


According to a study done by researchers from Denmark in the year 2014, music is extremely helpful to fibromyalgia patients. Moreover, music helped improve the range of motion among fibromyalgia patients. 


In conclusion, there is definitely power in music. Due to our deep emotional connection to music, it has the ability to benefit beyond our emotional well- being. It can help treat and improve our mental and social well- being.

Letter: Music Has Positive Impact  

There’s been a lot of debate about music in the classroom but I believe that students should be able to listen to music in class. Music can calm you down, better your mood, and lead to better focusing. 

With every strong argument, there will always be pros and cons. Some pros include: better focusing, calm down children with ADHD/ADD, it gets us in a good mood and, depending on the music you are listening to, you may experience a state of relaxation, which is good for studying so we don’t worry about anything else. 

Many would argue that kids might not hear the teacher talking, loud music may distract others, and some people just listen to music so they can make time go by faster, resulting in them not listening/learning. But studies suggest the opposite. 

According to the National Association for Music Education, kids who listened to music had better SAT scores, were more engaged, less stressed, and had better success in society. This just shows how much listening to music can positively impact your school performance. 

I hope you agree that music can be a great tool in a classroom environment.

 

Source : The Columbian

How Music Helps The Heart Find It's Beat 

"Music can pierce the heart directly; it needs no mediation," wrote scientist Oliver Sacks. Medical research lends credibility to his observation, as classical music is known to lower heart rate and blood pressure. However, a new study shows that a little "mediation" from antihypertensive drugs goes a long way in helping the heart to find its natural, healthy rhythm.

Combining the soothing power of music with the beneficial effects of antihypertensive drugs seems to create a beautiful synergy that lowers the heart rate and blood pressure of people with hypertension. 

This is the main result of a new study carried out by an international team of researchers. Their results are now published in the journal Scientific Reports. 

"The inexpressible depth of music," as Sacks called it in his book Musicophilia, has been shown before to have healing effects on the heart. Studies have suggested that music can lower the blood pressure, reduce the heart rate, and ease the distress of people living with heart conditions. 

The comforting effects of music do not stop here. Music therapy was shown to help the heart to contract and push blood throughout the body, classical and rock music makes your arteries more supple, and listening to music during surgery helps to lower the heart rate to a more calming pace. 

Given all of these intriguingly positive effects of music on the heart, could it be that music can also boost the positive effects of blood pressure medication? 

This question puzzled the researchers — who were led by Vitor Engrácia Valenti, a professor in the Speech Language Pathology Department at the São Paulo State University in Brazil. So, they set out to investigate.

 

Source: Medical News Today

Music and the Spoken Word: A Catalyst For Positive Change 

In our efforts to improve the world, or even just improve ourselves, sometimes we need a catalyst. 

What is a catalyst? A scientist would tell you it is a substance that starts or hastens a chemical reaction. But the word also has meaning outside the world of chemistry: a catalyst can be an event — or, just as often, a person — that causes change or action, that makes things happen. 

If we think about it, we can all identify experiences that altered our lives —sometimes for the better, sometimes not. What have been the catalysts in your life? Maybe it was a diagnosis, a move or a promotion. Perhaps it was something more subtle, like a chance meeting with an old friend, a phone call from a family member, or an encouraging word from a stranger. Frequently, the force behind life’s most meaningful catalysts is a person. 

Some people just seem to have a way of changing the status quo. They walk into a room and make everyone around them feel and act better. They bring light and love, goodness and wisdom, patience and perspective. Of course, the opposite is also true. There are others who prevent good things from happening. Either by their attitudes or their actions, they seem to hinder growth and cooperation, friendship and understanding. 

Whether we realize it or not, each of us has the power to be a catalyst in someone’s life, including our own. If we choose to, we can all inspire growth and happiness in ourselves and others. 

A positive catalyst doesn’t have to be charismatic or commanding. Often the most effective catalysts are quiet, steady and observant — always ready to help. They try their best to leave each person and each place better than they found it. Of course they aren’t always happy, and they certainly aren’t perfect, but they try to be a catalyst for positive change.  

Good things don’t just happen. They’re usually sparked by someone who makes good things happen. That’s what the world needs more than ever: people who do their part to create positive change.

Source: Deseret News

Popsugar : Can Listening to Music With Your Kids Improve Your Relationship?  

Listening to Music With Your Kids May Do Wonders For Your Relationship, According to a Study

For any parent stressed about how to foster a healthy bond with their children, a new study from the University of Arizona recently published in Journal of Family Communication suggests there may be a downright easy way to improve your relationship with your kids: by listening to music with them. 

Researchers asked a group of young adults with an average age of 21 how frequently they listened to music, went to concerts, or played musical instruments with their parents during their childhoods. The study-authors recorded how many of these experiences the participants had with their parents between the ages of 8 and 13 years old and 14 or older, and then asked them to describe their relationships with their moms and dads.

Interestingly enough, they found that the participants who shared more musical experiences with their parents had a better relationship with them once they entered adulthood. 

Jake Harwood, professor and head of the University of Arizona's Department of Communication and the study's co-author, confirmed that sharing these types of experiences with your children may have positive long-term affects on your relationship. 

"If you have little kids and you play music with them that helps you be closer to them, and [it] will make you closer to them later in life," he said. "If you have teenagers and you can successfully listen to music together or share musical experiences with them, that has an even stronger effect on your future relationship and the child's perception of the relationship in emerging adulthood." 

The study controlled for other common types of parent-child bonding activities and looked at two benchmarks: coordination and empathy. 

Synchronization, or coordination, is something that happens when people play music together or listen to music together. If you play music with your parent or listen to music with your parents, you might do synchronized activities like dancing or singing together, and data shows that that causes you to like one another more. 

Sandi Wallace, the other study-author, points out that there's an emotional component to listening to music with children. "A lot of recent research has focused on how emotions can be evoked through music, and how that can perpetuate empathy and empathic responses toward your listening partner." 

Harwood also warned parents that while listening to music with little kids is usually part of their daily routine, it gets increasingly more difficult to bond over music as children get older. 

"With young kids, musical activity is fairly common — singing lullabies, doing nursery rhymes," Harwood said. "With teenagers, it's less common, and when things are less common you might find bigger effects because when these things happen, they're super important."

And while making it a point to jam out with your child every once in a while is far from a cure-all for parent-child relationships, it's definitely still worth noting the positive correlation. 

"For people who are just becoming parents or have small children, they may be thinking long-term about what they want their relationship with their kids to be," said Wallace. "It's not to say that this is going to be the prescription for a perfect relationship, but any parent wants to find ways to improve their relationship with their child and make sure that it's maintained long-term, and this may be one way it can be done."

 

Source: Popsugar